Geography:

 

Location: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 147 00 E

People:

Population: 6,310,129 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.4% (male 1,145,946/female 1,106,705)

15-64 years: 60% (male 1,907,787/female 1,802,144)

65 years and over: 3.6% (male 121,207/female 103,802) (2011 est.)

Government:

Country name: conventional long form: Independent State of Papua New Guinea

conventional short form: Papua New Guinea

local short form: Papuaniugini

former: Territory of Papua and New Guinea

abbreviation: PNG

Government type: constitutional parliamentary democracy

Communications:

Telephones – main lines in use: 121,200 (2009)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 1.909 million (2009)

Transportation:

Airports: 562 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 20

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 12

914 to 1,523 m: 5

under 914 m: 1 (2012)

Military: