Norfolk Island

 

Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.

 

Geography:
Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Geographic coordinates: 29 02 S, 167 57 E
People:
Population: 2,182 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.2%

15-64 years: 63.9%

65 years and over: 15.9% (2009 est.)

Government:
Country name: conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island

conventional short form: Norfolk Island

Dependency status: self-governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Attorney-General’s Department
Communications:
Telephones – main lines in use: 2,532; note – a mix of analog (2500) and digital (32) circuits (2004)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 0; note – proposed cellular service disallowed in August 2002 island referendum (2002)
Transportation:
Airports: 1 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2012)

Military:
Defence is the responsibility of Australia

Economy:

Tourism, the primary economic activity, has steadily increased over the years and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.