Niue

 

Niue’s remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, has caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to an estimated 1,492 in 2007), with substantial emigration to New Zealand, 2,400 km to the southwest.

 

Geography:
Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W
People:
Population: 1,269 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: NA

15-64 years: NA

65 years and over: NA (2009 est.)

Government:
Country name: conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Niue

note: pronunciation falls between nyu-way and new-way, but not like new-wee

former: Savage Island

Dependency status: self-governing in free association with New Zealand since 1974; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defence; however, these responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of Niue
Communications:
Telephones – main lines in use: 1,200 (2009)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 600 (2004)
Transportation:
Airports: 1 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2012)

Military:
Military branches: no regular indigenous military forces; Police Force
Military – note: defence is the responsibility of New Zealand

Economy:

The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that is used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue.