Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria
Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 8 00 E

Age structure:

0-14 years: 49.6% (male 4,129,164/female 4,045,412)

15-64 years: 48% (male 3,944,586/female 3,964,249) 65 years and over: 2.3% (male 170,741/female 214,734) (2011 est.)

Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Niger

conventional short form: Niger

local long form: Republique du Niger

local short form: Niger

Government type: republic
Telephones – main lines in use: 83,600 (2009)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 3.806 million (2009)
Airports: 30 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 10

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 6

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2012)

Military branches: Nigerien Armed Forces (Forces ArmeesNigeriennes, FAN): Army, Niger Air Force (2010)
Military service age and obligation: 17-21 years of age for selective compulsory or voluntary military service; enlistees must be Nigerien citizens and unmarried; 2-year service term; women may serve in health care (2009)


Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking near last on the United Nations Development Fund index of human development. It is a landlocked, Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centres on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world’s largest uranium deposits. Drought cycles, desertification, and a 2.9% population growth rate, have undercut the economy. Niger shares a common currency, the CFA franc, and a common central bank, the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), with seven other members of the West African Monetary Union. In December 2000, Niger qualified for enhanced debt relief under the International Monetary Fund program for Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and concluded an agreement with the Fund on a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF).

Transnational Issues:

Libya claims about 25,000 sq. km in a currently dormant dispute in the Tommo region; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint with Nigeria, remains undemarcated; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission’s admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries