Jersey

 

Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defence and international representation.

 

Geography:
Location: Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates: 49 15 N, 2 10 W
People:
Population: 94,949 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.5% (male 8,067/female 7,507)

15-64 years: 68.7% (male 32,187/female 32,485)

65 years and over: 14.8% (male 5,953/female 7,962) (2011 est.)

Government:
Country name: conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey

conventional short form: Jersey

Dependency status: British crown dependency
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: name: Saint Helier

geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Communications:
Telephones – main lines in use: 73,800 (2009)
Telephones – mobile cellular:  83,900 (2004)
Transportation:
Airports: 1 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2012)

Military:

Defence is the responsibility of the UK

Economy:

Jersey’s economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2005 the finance sector accounted for about 50% of the island’s output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries.

 

Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed alongside the traditional manufacturing of knitwear. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey’s food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. Living standards come close to those of the UK.