Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.


Location: Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates: 49 28 N, 2 35 W
Population: 65,345 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.9% (male 5,036/female 4,670)

15-64 years: 68% (male 22,195/female 22,049)

65 years and over: 17.1% (male 4,952/female 6,166) (2011 est.)

Country name: conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey

conventional short form: Guernsey

Dependency status: British crown dependency
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: name: Saint Peter Port

geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Telephones – main lines in use: 45,100 (2009)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 43,800 (2004)
Airports: 2 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2012)

Defence is the responsibility of the UK


Financial services – banking, fund management, insurance – account for about 23% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the environment under which Guernsey operates.