Location: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada
Geographic coordinates: 72 00 N, 40 00 W
Population: 57,695 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 22.3% (male 6,514/female 6,330)

15-64 years: 70.2% (male 21,599/female 18,861)

65 years and over: 7.6% (male 2,269/female 2,097) (2011 est.)

Country name: conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Greenland

local long form: none

local short form: KalaallitNunaat

Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979
Telephones – main lines in use: 21,800 (2009)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 57,300 (2009)
Airports: 15 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 10

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 6 (2012)

Military branches: no regular military forces
Manpower available for military service: Males age 16-49: 15,280 (2010 est.)


The economy remains critically dependent on exports of fish and a substantial subsidy from the Danish Government, which supplies about half of government revenues. The public sector, including publicly owned enterprises and the municipalities, plays the dominant role in the economy. Several interesting hydrocarbon and mineral exploration activities are on-going. Press reports in early 2007 indicated that two international aluminium companies were considering building smelters in Greenland to take advantage of local hydropower potential. Tourism is the only sector offering any near-term potential, and even this is limited due to a short season and high costs. Air Greenland began summer-season direct flights to the US east coast in May 2007, potentially opening a major new tourism market.

Transnational Issues:

Managed dispute between Canada and Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Canada’s Ellesmere Island and Greenland