Anguilla

 

Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island – against the wishes of the inhabitants – was incorporated into a single British dependency, along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

 

Geography:
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 63 10 W
People:
Population: 15,423 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 24% (male 1,861/female 1,764)

15-64 years: 68.1% (male 4,855/female 5,427)

65 years and over: 7.9% (male 577/female 610) (2011 est.)

Median age: total: 33.6 years

male: 32.1 years

female: 35 years (2012 est.)

Government:
Country name: conventional long form: None

conventional short form: American Samoa

abbreviation: AS

Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK
Communications:
Telephones – main lines in use:  6,200 (2011)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 26,000 (2011)
Telephone system: general assessment: modern internal telephone system

domestic: good telex, telegraph, facsimile, and cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station

international: country code – 1-684; satellite earth station – 1 (Intelsat-Pacific Ocean)

Transportation:
Airports: 3 (2012)
Airports – with paved runways: total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2012)

Military:

Military – note:

defense is the responsibility of the US

Economy:

American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa’s economic well being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa’s remote location, its limited transportation, and it’s devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.

Transnational Issues:

Disputes – international:

None