For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.


Population: 85,082 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.6% (male 6,799/female 6,440)

15-64 years: 71.4% (male 31,545/female 29,037)

65 years and over: 13% (male 5,502/female 5,502) (2011 est.)

Country name: conventional long form: Principality of Andorra

conventional short form: Andorra

local long form: Principat d’Andorra

local short form: Andorra

Government type: parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its chiefs of state a co-principality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain, who are represented locally by coprinces’ representatives
Capital: name: Andorra la Vella

geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 1 31 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Telephones – main lines in use: 38,400 (2011)
Telephones – mobile cellular: 65,000 (2011)
Military branches: no regular military forces, Police Service of Andorra
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 17,977  (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 17,069 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annually: male: 397

female: 347 (2010 est.)

Military – note: defense is the responsibility of France and Spain


Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra’s tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for more than 80% of GDP. An estimated 11.6 million tourist’s visit annually, attracted by Andorra’s duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andorra’s comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighbouring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs.


The banking sector, with its partial “tax haven” status, also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited – only 2% of the land is arable – and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep rising. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.