Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other islands of the Comoros group in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forego independence.
conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte
conventional short form: Mayotte
departmental collectivity of France
geographic coordinates: 12 46 S, 45 13 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Telephones - main lines in use:
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Airports - with paved runways:
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)
Defence is the responsibility of France; a small contingent of French forces is stationed on the island
Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.